Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Danial Williams, Joseph Dick; Derek Tice; Eric Wilson (The Norfolk 4): False confession case; Significant Development: (White Elephant Case); Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe pardons 'Norfolk 4' sailors in 1997 rape and killing, saying police intimidated them into falsely confessing to the crimes. FOX News. March 21, 2017..."Attorneys for the men argued absolute pardons from the governor carried greater weight than court rulings and were essential to helping the men rebuild their lives and reputations. They had long said they confessed only after being intimidated by police. Williams, who lived in the same apartment building as Moore-Bosko, has said he was told he would face a capital murder charge — punishable by death — if he didn't confess. He said he caved because he wanted the 11-hour interrogation to be over. "I just couldn't take it anymore," Williams said during an April 2015 hearing. "I couldn't take being called a liar, the pressure." Dick also has said he was threatened with the death penalty. The detective who questioned the men, Robert Glenn Ford, was convicted in 2011 of extortion and lying to the FBI in unrelated cases. He is serving 12 ½ years in prison for taking tens of thousands of dollars from drug dealers in exchange for getting them favorable treatment at sentencing."

 

Image result for "white elephant"

In the years since I started publishing this Blog I have become increasingly disturbed by the 'white elephant' in the room: Sheer, unadulterated, willful   misconduct in the criminal justice system - much  of it involving forensic evidence - committed by lab technicians,  pathologists, police officers, prosecutors and others.  Think Annie Dookhan; Think Sonia Farak; Think David Kofoed; Think Charles Smith; Think Ken Anderson; Think Gene Morrison.  I have therefore decided to run this image of a white elephant at the top of every applicable post henceforth, to draw our reader's attention to   what I see as a major problem in all too many criminal justice system's - my own included.  Harold Levy; Publisher: The Charles Smith Blog;
"Reformers have for years recommended that all forensic labs be independent from law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies' and this is a key reform promoted by The Justice Project (2008). But fixing these problems is only half the answer' because half of the wrongful convictions attributed to misleading forensic evidence involved deliberate forensic fraud' evidence tampering' and/or perjury.
From "The Elephant in the Crime Lab," by co-authored by Sheila Berry and Larry Ytuarte; Forensic Examiner; Spring, 2009; http://www.t-mlaw.com/blog/post/the-elephant-in-the-crime-lab/

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"Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe has approved pardons for the four former sailors who became known as the "Norfolk Four" in a 1997 rape and killing, saying police intimidated them into falsely confessing to the crimes. "These pardons close the final chapter on a grave injustice that has plagued these 4 men for nearly 20 years," spokesman Brian Coy told Fox News Tuesday. DNA evidence matched a fifth man, Omar Ballard, to the crimes against Michelle Moore-Bosko. He confessed to being the only one responsible. Three of the men — Danial Williams, Joseph Dick and Derek Tice — were granted conditional pardons in 2009 by then-Gov. Tim Kaine and released from prison because of doubts about their guilt, but their convictions remained on the books. The fourth man, Eric Wilson, who was convicted only of rape, had already been released. Wilson failed to get his conviction overturned in court because he had already completed his sentence when he brought the challenge. Because Wilson is a convicted rapist, he was forced to register as a sex offender and barred from adopting his stepson. A federal judge vacated Williams and Dick's convictions in October, declaring that "no sane human being" could find them guilty. Tice had his convictions erased in 2009. Attorneys for the men argued absolute pardons from the governor carried greater weight than court rulings and were essential to helping the men rebuild their lives and reputations. They had long said they confessed only after being intimidated by police. Williams, who lived in the same apartment building as Moore-Bosko, has said he was told he would face a capital murder charge — punishable by death — if he didn't confess. He said he caved because he wanted the 11-hour interrogation to be over. "I just couldn't take it anymore," Williams said during an April 2015 hearing. "I couldn't take being called a liar, the pressure." Dick also has said he was threatened with the death penalty. The detective who questioned the men, Robert Glenn Ford, was convicted in 2011 of extortion and lying to the FBI in unrelated cases. He is serving 12 ½ years in prison for taking tens of thousands of dollars from drug dealers in exchange for getting them favorable treatment at sentencing.
http://www.foxnews.com/us/2017/03/21/virginia-governor-pardons-norfolk-4-sailors-in-1997-rape-and-killing-michelle-moore-bosko.html

Chris Tapp: Idaho; Free at last; Reaction; (Part 1): Bulletin: False confession case; Local News 8 reports that: "Many people had the chance to hold Tapp for the first time in 20 years. Some even had to reintroduce themselves to him because it had been so long." Reporter Pheben Kassahun; Local News 8; March 22, 2017.


"It was an emotional day for those who know Christopher Tapp personally. A father and son said Tapp was at their house around the night he was accused of the murder of Angie Dodge. "We love him. We've missed him. Glad to see him," Mike Hope said. People with tears of joy gathered on the front lawn of the Bonneville County Court House, on Wednesday. He was greeted with open arms and kisses from everyone. Many people had the chance to hold Tapp for the first time in 20 years. Some even had to reintroduce themselves to him because it had been so long. That is exactly what happened when Tapp saw Mike and Jason Hope. Mike Hope said the night Tapp was accused of Angie Dodge's murder, Tapp was actually at Mike's house. He tried to convince police but he had no luck. "He used to come over to our house and play computer games all the time. We was pretty sure that, that night that he was accused of this, we thought he was at our house playing games, so I donated the hard drive on my computer to see if his name was on there for high scores," Mike Hope said. He said he does not know if officials ever found Tapp's name on the high score list."
http://www.localnews8.com/news/father-and-son-say-christopher-tapp-was-at-their-house-the-night-angie-dodge-was-murdered/409405069

Derek Bromley: South Australia; (Part 3); Momentous development: He has won leave to appeal 30-year-old murder conviction in death of John Karpany, following three days of medical evidence which has highlighted numerous discrepancies in the original autopsy report prepared by controversial former SA chief forensic pathologist, Dr Colin Manock..."Bromley and an accomplice, John Karpany, were sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Stephen Docoza after the man’s body was found floating in the River Torrens. From the outset police reported Docoza had been beaten and drowned following an altercation after Karpany asked the man for sex. Dr Matthew Lynch from the Victorian Institute for Forensic Medicine said the bruises on Docoza’s scalp and forehead could have been caused after he was dead and in the river. “There is nothing to distinguish whether he was alive or not when he went in the water,” Dr Lynch told the court. Previous specialist testimony had shown that Dr Manock could not have ruled out natural causes when examining the body.", the Advertiser reports.

STORY: "Derek Bromley wins right  to appeal 30-year-old murder conviction in death of John Karpany," by reporter  Mitch Mott,  published by The Advertiser on March 22,  2017.


GIST: After more than 30 years proclaiming his innocence, convicted murderer Derek Bromley will have a new day in court — with his appeal bound for a full sitting of the Supreme Court. Bromley’s legal counsel and the prosecution will meet in May to confirm the full court hearing, which will involve reams of specialist evidence to show there is new and compelling evidence in the three-decade old death.  Three days of medical evidence has highlighted numerous discrepancies in the original autopsy report prepared by controversial former SA chief forensic pathologist, Dr Colin Manock. Bromley and an accomplice, John Karpany, were sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Stephen Docoza after the man’s body was found floating in the River Torrens. From the outset police reported Docoza had been beaten and drowned following an altercation after Karpany asked the man for sex. Dr Matthew Lynch from the Victorian Institute for Forensic Medicine said the bruises on Docoza’s scalp and forehead could have been caused after he was dead and in the river.
“There is nothing to distinguish whether he was alive or not when he went in the water,” Dr Lynch told the court. Previous specialist testimony had shown that Dr Manock could not have ruled out natural causes when examining the body."

The entire story can be found at:

http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/law-order/derek-bromley-wins-right-to-appeal-30yearold-murder-conviction-in-death-of-john-karpany/news-story/790c5a5e5608b87166cd467dab3f3672

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: I am monitoring this case/issue. Keep your eye on the Charles Smith Blog for reports on developments. The Toronto Star, my previous employer for more than twenty incredible years, has put considerable effort into exposing the harm caused by Dr. Charles Smith and his protectors - and into pushing for reform of Ontario's forensic pediatric pathology system. The Star has a "topic" section which focuses on recent stories related to Dr. Charles Smith. It can be found at: http://www.thestar.com/topic/charlessmith. Information on "The Charles Smith Blog Award"- and its nomination process - can be found at: http://smithforensic.blogspot.com/2011/05/charles-smith-blog-award-nominations.html Please send any comments or information on other cases and issues of interest to the readers of this blog to: hlevy15@gmail.com. Harold Levy; Publisher; The Charles Smith Blog;

Aaron Hernandez: Massachusetts; (Ballistics); Bulletin: On-going trial;..."In particular, Bradley is the only eyewitness to identify Hernandez as the person who fatally shot Daniel de Abreu and Safiro Furtado in the early morning hours of July 16, 2012 in Boston’s South End. But one glaring inconsistency has to do with the murder weapon. Prosecutors say Hernandez fired five shots from a 104-year-old revolver that was recovered in June 2013 from the vehicle of a woman with ties to Hernandez. But Bradley testified Monday that Hernandez wiped the murder weapon down and tossed it from the window of a Toyota 4Runner as they fled the crime scene. “I was the one who purchased the gun,” Bradley said Tuesday, referring to a shiny .357 revolver he bought for Hernandez about a month before the killings, with $350 the athlete gave him. “You still say that’s not the gun,” defense lawyer Jose Baez said Monday, referring to the .38 caliber revolver authorities have identified as the murder weapon. “Correct, I didn’t believe that was the gun,” Bradley replied. Boston police say the .38 caliber revolver, manufactured in 1913, appears to be the murder weapon based on a match with ballistics evidence at the crime scene."...Reporter John R. Ellement; Boston Globe; 22 March, 2017;

"The star prosecution witness in the double murder trial of Aaron Hernandez returns to the stand Wednesday for a third day of testimony in Suffolk Superior Court. The witness, Alexander Bradley, has provided critical testimony in the case against Hernandez, a former New England Patriots star. Hernandez, 27, has pleaded not guilty. In particular, Bradley is the only eyewitness to identify Hernandez as the person who fatally shot Daniel de Abreu and Safiro Furtado in the early morning hours of July 16, 2012 in Boston’s South End. But one glaring inconsistency has to do with the murder weapon. Prosecutors say Hernandez fired five shots from a 104-year-old revolver that was recovered in June 2013 from the vehicle of a woman with ties to Hernandez. But Bradley testified Monday that Hernandez wiped the murder weapon down and tossed it from the window of a Toyota 4Runner as they fled the crime scene. “I was the one who purchased the gun,” Bradley said Tuesday, referring to a shiny .357 revolver he bought for Hernandez about a month before the killings, with $350 the athlete gave him. “You still say that’s not the gun,” defense lawyer Jose Baez said Monday, referring to the .38 caliber revolver authorities have identified as the murder weapon. “Correct, I didn’t believe that was the gun,” Bradley replied. Boston police say the .38 caliber revolver, manufactured in 1913, appears to be the murder weapon based on a match with ballistics evidence at the crime scene. "
https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2017/03/22/aaron-hernandez-trial-resumes-with-star-witness-stand-for-third-day/GnxSwhRLkB44XtxJvujwaL/story.html

Chris Tapp: Idaho: (False confession case): Bulletin: Momentous Development: After 20 years in prison for the murder of Angie Dodge, he is to be freed today under a negotiated deal (subject to approval of a judge) - in spite of a conviction widely attributed to a coerced, false confession - and Angie Dodge's mother's belief that he is innocent..."Tapp was convicted because he confessed. But in recent years a slew of reports from false confession experts, geneticists, polygraph experts and former FBI supervisory special agents have concluded that Tapp’s confession was false, that the details were fed to him by police and that he was coerced with threats of the gas chamber if he didn’t cooperate. Judges for Justice, the Center for Wrongful Convictions, the Idaho Innocence Project and the New York Innocence Project all worked with Thomas and others to overturn Tapp’s conviction. The deal doesn’t mean that Tapp’s conviction will be vacated, however. There are many samples of DNA that were left at the crime scene, all of which so far point to one man. That man’s identity remains unknown, but it isn’t Tapp."...".For the two women at the heart of the case — Carol Dodge, Angie’s mother, and Vera Tapp, Chris’ mother — the news of the deal was bittersweet. Vera said she looks forward to Chris coming home a free man. But she wishes prosecutors would exonerate him fully of the murder charge. “I think the prosecutor could drop the murder charge, because Christopher had nothing to do with murdering Angie Dodge,” Vera Tapp said. “He will still be convicted as a murderer, and he won’t be able to find a job with that on his record.” And Carol Dodge said she is “heartbroken” over the deal. “Chris spent 20 years of his life convicted on a lie, and now he’s being released to live the rest of his life as a lie because people who have power can justify this,” Dodge said. “They could care less what happens to Chris. All they cared about was having no liability.”Dodge said she’s also worried that her daughter’s murder will be forgotten, that the pressure to solve the case could dissipate. The man who killed Angie on a hot summer night more than 20 years ago is out there somewhere. And she wants him brought to justice." Reporter Bryan Clark; Idaho Statesman; March 21, 2017.


QUOTES OF THE DAY:

 “I think the prosecutor could drop the murder charge, because Christopher had nothing to do with murdering Angie Dodge. He will still be convicted as a murderer, and he won’t be able to find a job with that on his record.”

VERA TAPP; (Chris Tapp's mother);

“Chris spent 20 years of his life convicted on a lie, and now he’s being released to live the rest of his life as a lie because people who have power can justify this. They could care less what happens to Chris. All they cared about was having no liability.” (Dodge said she’s also worried that her daughter’s murder will be forgotten, that the pressure to solve the case could dissipate. The man who killed Angie on a hot summer night more than 20 years ago is out there somewhere. And she wants him brought to justice.)

CAROL DODGE; (Angie Dodd's mother);

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Read more here: http://www.idahostatesman.com/news/local/crime/article139800448.html#storylink=cpy
http://www.idahostatesman.com/news/local/crime/article139800448.html

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Keith Allen Harward: Virginia: Wrongfully imprisoned by bite-mark 'junk science,' Governor approves $1.6 million payout...Innocence Project backgrounder: "Throughout his prosecution, six bite marks analysts agreed that marks found on the victim matched to Harward. In addition to the two who testified at trial, the two defense lawyers who represented Harward in his trials asked forensic dentists to review the evidence, and both dentists agreed that the marks matched to Harward. Harward is at least the 25th person to have been wrongfully convicted or indicted based at least in part on bite mark evidence. Despite the fact that for decades courts have permitted forensic dentists to testify in criminal trials, there is a complete lack of scientific support for claims that a suspect can be identified from an injury on a victim’s skin. This was noted in the National Academy of Science’s groundbreaking 2009 report, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward, which found, “no evidence of an existing scientific basis for identifying an individual [through bite mark comparison] to the exclusion of all others.” After hearing from leading experts on the reliability of bite mark evidence, in February the Texas Forensic Science Commission recommend that the state issue a moratorium on the use of bite mark analysis in prosecutions throughout the state. The American Board of Forensic Odontologist has even recently changed its guidelines to acknowledge that the technique cannot be used to identify a person as the biter. “There is not a shred of scientific evidence supporting this erroneous forensic practice, yet it is still permissible in courtrooms across the nation,” said Dana Delger, a staff attorney with the Innocence Project’s Strategic Litigation Unit. “Hopefully Mr. Harward’s case will once and for all persuade judges and law enforcement that this unreliable evidence has no use in criminal prosecutions.”


STORY: "McAuliffe OKs $1.6 million for wrongfully imprisoned man," by reporter Maura Mazurowski,  published by Capital News Service on March 20, 2017.

GIST: "With a stroke of his pen, Gov. Terry McAuliffe has cleared Keith Allen Harward to receive nearly $1.6 million from the commonwealth of Virginia for the 33 years he spent in prison for crimes he didn’t commit. McAuliffe last week signed House Bill 1650 approving the compensation package for Harward. “On April 7, 2016, the Supreme Court of Virginia granted Mr. Harward’s Writ of Actual Innocence, formally exonerating him of all the crimes for which he had been convicted,” the legislation stated. Harward, now 60, was convicted of a 1982 rape and murder in Newport News. According to trial summaries, the rape victim was awakened around 2 a.m. by a loud thumping sound as her husband was being beaten by a man. The woman was thrown out of bed and repeatedly sexually assaulted as her husband lay dying. Her assailant held a diaper over her head and threatened to harm her children if she did not cooperate. In 1986, Harward was tried and convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life when two forensic odontologists testified that Harward’s teeth matched those of the bites on the woman. He was released from prison on April 8, 2016 after DNA testing proved he was not the killer. Harward had always maintained his innocence.........During his ordeal in prison, Harward received legal support from the Innocence Project. He is at least the 25th person to have been wrongfully convicted or indicted based at least in part on bite mark evidence, according to the project."
http://wric.com/2017/03/20/mcauliffe-oks-1-6-million-for-wrongfully-imprisoned-man/

See Innocence Project backgrounder  (with details of the 'junk science' fed to the court by the so-called 'experts' called by prosecutors)  at the link below: (Under the heading 'Discredited bite mark evidence contributed to wrongful conviction). April 8, 2016; "After the Virginia Supreme Court granted a writ of actual innocence to Keith Allen Harward on Thursday, Harward is expected to walk out of a Virginia prison a free man today after wrongly serving more than 33 years of a life sentence for a rape and murder he did not commit. Harward, who narrowly escaped the death penalty, was convicted primarily on the testimony of two forensic dentists who said that Harward’s teeth matched marks left on the rape victim. During the course of his prosecution 6 forensic dentists falsely claimed that Harward’s teeth matched a bite mark on one of the victims.  New DNA evidence definitively proved Harward’s innocence and pointed to Jerry Crotty as the real assailant. “Mr. Harward is at least the 25thperson to have been wrongly convicted or indicted based on discredited bite mark evidence,” said Chris Fabricant, Director of Strategic Litigation for the Innocence Project, which is affiliated with Cardozo School of Law. “We have no idea how many other people may have been wrongly convicted based on this evidence, but any conviction resting on this grossly unreliable technique is inherently flawed.  Every state in the nation should be conducting reviews to see if there are others like Mr. Harward sitting in prison for crimes they didn’t commit.  Moreover, that this technique is still used in our justice system, including current capital prosecutions, presents a public safety threat.” Peter Neufeld, Co-Director of the Innocence Project, added, “Unless and until our leaders in Washington take action to discourage the use of unreliable and unvalidated techniques such as bite marks, and instead create rigorous science-based standards for all forensics, we are doomed as a nation to endure hundreds more Harwards.” Harward was convicted of a 1982 rape and murder in Newport News, Virginia.  The assailant broke into a home of a couple, killing a man and raping his wife.  During the course of the attack, the assailant bit the wife’s legs repeatedly. The wife, who was never able to identify Mr. Harward as the man who attacked her, told police that he was wearing a sailor’s uniform.  A dentist reviewed the dental records of Marines stationed to the USS Carl Vinson at the time and initially excluded Harward. He became a suspect six months later after his then-girlfriend reported to police that he had bitten her in a dispute. At trial, the prosecution rested mainly on the testimony of two forensic dentists, Lowell Levine and Alvin Kagey, who claimed that Harward’s teeth matched photos of the bite mark left on the female victim. Levine is known as one of the foremost experts in forensic bite mark analysis and has served as President of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, the Forensic Sciences Foundation and the American Board of Forensic Odontology. The other evidence against Harward at trial consisted mainly of the testimony of a security guard who claimed to have seen Harward enter the shipyard with a bloody uniform in the early morning after the attack. The Innocence Project later learned that the security guard’s identification occurred only after the witness was placed under hypnosis, a practice that is now known to be highly unreliable. Despite testifying in his own defense and presenting evidence he didn’t match the victim’s description, Harward was convicted of capital murder but was spared the death penalty by the jury.  His conviction was reversed in 1985 because of an issue regarding how the capital murder statute should be interpreted. He was retried and convicted again in 1986 but was no longer eligible for the death penalty under Virginia law.  At the second trial, the prosecution argued that Harward could not be excluded as a source of blood evidence recovered on crime scene evidence, but the Innocence Project subsequently learned that the blood evidence did in fact prove that Harward’s blood type did not match blood recovered on the evidence. The Innocence Project performed DNA testing on the rape kit and numerous other pieces of crime scene evidence. The testing excluded Harward and identified Jerry Crotty as the person responsible for committing the crime.  Crotty, who is now deceased, had a violent criminal record and was a sailor on the USS Carl Vinson at the time of the crime. “We are grateful to Attorney General Mark Herring and Newport News District Attorney Howard Gwynn for cooperating throughout this case and supporting Mr. Harward’s writ of actual innocence,” said Olga Akselrod, Senior Staff Attorney at the Innocence Project. “Without their support, Mr. Harward’s struggle for justice would have been much harder.” Throughout his prosecution, six bite marks analysts agreed that marks found on the victim matched to Harward.  In addition to the two who testified at trial, the two defense lawyers who represented Harward in his trials asked forensic dentists to review the evidence, and both dentists agreed that the marks matched to Harward. Harward is at least the 25th person to have been wrongfully convicted or indicted based at least in part on bite mark evidence. Despite the fact that for decades courts have permitted forensic dentists to testify in criminal trials, there is a complete lack of scientific support for claims that a suspect can be identified from an injury on a victim’s skin.  This was noted in the National Academy of Science’s groundbreaking 2009 report, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward, which found, “no evidence of an existing scientific basis for identifying an individual [through bite mark comparison] to the exclusion of all others.” After hearing from leading experts on the reliability of bite mark evidence, in February the Texas Forensic Science Commission recommend that the state issue a moratorium on the use of bite mark analysis in prosecutions throughout the state.  The American Board of Forensic Odontologist has even recently changed its guidelines to acknowledge that the technique cannot be used to identify a person as the biter. “There is not a shred of scientific evidence supporting this erroneous forensic practice, yet it is still permissible in courtrooms across the nation,” said Dana Delger, a staff attorney with the Innocence Project’s Strategic Litigation Unit. “Hopefully Mr. Harward’s case will once and for all persuade judges and law enforcement that this unreliable evidence has no use in criminal prosecutions.”
https://www.innocenceproject.org/virginia-man-narrowly-escaped-death-penalty-exonerated-dna-evidence-released-serving-33-years/

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: I am monitoring this case/issue. Keep your eye on the Charles Smith Blog for reports on developments. The Toronto Star, my previous employer for more than twenty incredible years, has put considerable effort into exposing the harm caused by Dr. Charles Smith and his protectors - and into pushing for reform of Ontario's forensic pediatric pathology system. The Star has a "topic" section which focuses on recent stories related to Dr. Charles Smith. It can be found at: http://www.thestar.com/topic/charlessmith. Information on "The Charles Smith Blog Award"- and its nomination process - can be found at: http://smithforensic.blogspot.com/2011/05/charles-smith-blog-award-nominations.html Please send any comments or information on other cases and issues of interest to the readers of this blog to: hlevy15@gmail.com. Harold Levy; Publisher; The Charles Smith Blog;

Derek Bromley: South Australia: (Part 2); 'today tonight Adelaide' takes on his on-going application for leave to appeal (based mainly on the testimony of disgraced former South Australia Chief Forensic Pathologist Dr. Colin Mannock) - after spending 33 years in an Adelaide jail for a murder he says he did not commit.


VIDEO: "Thirty-three years in an Adelaide jail for a murder he says he didn’t commit. Now, the evidence that could clear his name.  (Another superb  criminal  justice documentary by investigative  journalist Graham Archer);

The video can be found at the link below; 

https://www.todaytonightadelaide.com.au/stories/derek-bromley

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: I am monitoring this case/issue. Keep your eye on the Charles Smith Blog for reports on developments. The Toronto Star, my previous employer for more than twenty incredible years, has put considerable effort into exposing the harm caused by Dr. Charles Smith and his protectors - and into pushing for reform of Ontario's forensic pediatric pathology system. The Star has a "topic" section which focuses on recent stories related to Dr. Charles Smith. It can be found at: http://www.thestar.com/topic/charlessmith. Information on "The Charles Smith Blog Award"- and its nomination process - can be found at: http://smithforensic.blogspot.com/2011/05/charles-smith-blog-award-nominations.html Please send any comments or information on other cases and issues of interest to the readers of this blog to: hlevy15@gmail.com. Harold Levy; Publisher; The Charles Smith Blog;